27. A. Ghasemi, W. Gao, A Method to Apply Piola-Kirchhoff Stress in Molecular Statics Simulation, Submitted. 

26. A. Ghasemi, W. Gao, Atomistic Mechanism of Stress Modulated Phase Transition in Monolayer MoTe2, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 40, 100946, 2020.

25. A. Ghasemi, W. Gao, A Method to Predict Energy Barriers in Stress Modulated Solid-solid Phase Transitions, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 137, 103857, 2020.


24. A. Ghasemi, P. Xiao, W. Gao, Nudged elastic band method for solid-solid transition under finite deformation, The Journal of Chemical Physics, 151, 054110, 2019.

23. R. Manno, W. Gao, I. Benedetti, Engineering the crack path in lattice cellular materials through bio-inspired micro-structural alterations, Extreme Mechanics Letters 26, 8–17, 2019.


22. C. Wu, T. Taghvaee, C. Wei, A. Ghasemi, G. Chen, N. Leventis, W. Gao, Multi-scale Progressive Failure Mechanism and Mechanical Properties of Nanofibrous Polyurea Aerogels, Soft Matter, 14, 7801-7808, 2018. (Featured on the Cover of the Journal)

21. N. Ebrahimi, S. Nugroho, A. F. Taha, N. Gatsis, W. Gao, A. Jafari, Dynamic actuator selection and robust state-feedback control of networked soft actuators. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) (pp. 2857-2864). IEEE

20. R. Crespo, W. Gao, L. Mao, M. Roenbeck, H. Nguyen, J. Paci, J. Huang, S. Nguyen, H. Espinosa, The Role of Water in Mediating Interfacial Adhesion and Shear Strength in Graphene Oxide, ACS Nano, 12 (6), 6089–6099, 2018.

19. I. Benedetti, H. Nguyen, R. Soler-Crespo, W. Gao, L. Mao, A. Ghasemi, J. Wen, S. Nguyen, H. Espinosa, Formulation and Validation of a Reduced Order Model of 2D Materials Exhibiting a Two-Phase Microstructure as Applied to Graphene Oxide, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 112, 66-88, 2018.


18. Z. Meng, R. Crespo, W. Xia, W. Gao, L. Ruiz, H. Espinosa and S. Keten, A coarse-grained model for the mechanical behavior of graphene oxide, Carbon, 117, 476-487, 2017.


17. R. Yang*, A. Zaheri*, W. Gao*(*co-first author), C. Hayashi and H D. Espinosa, AFM Identification of Beetle’s Exocuticle – Bouligand Structure and Nanofiber Anisotropic Elastic Properties, Advanced Functional Materials, 1603993, 2017. (Featured on the Front Cover of the Journal, Media reports: Science Newsline, Science Daily, PHYS.ORG.)


16. I. Benedetti, R. Crespo, A. Pedivellano, W. Gao, H. Espinosa, A Continuum Damage Model for Functionalized Graphene Membranes Based on Atomistic Simulations, Key Engineering Materials, 754, 173-176, 2017.


15. P. Wang, W. Gao, J. Wilkerson, K. Liechti, R. Huang, Cavitation of water by volume controlled stretching, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 59, 2017



14. R. Crespo*, W. Gao* (*co-first authors), P. Xiao, X. Wei, J. Paci, G. Henkelman, H. Espinosa. Engineering the Mechanical Properties of Monolayer Graphene Oxide at the Atomic Level, The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 7, 2702-2707, 2016. 

13. P. Wang, W. Gao and R. Huang. Entropic Effects of Thermal Rippling on van der Waals Interactions between Monolayer Graphene and a Rigid Substrate, Journal of Applied Physics, 119, 074305, 2016. 

12. R. Ramachandramoorthy*, W. Gao* (*co-first authors), R. Bernal and H. Espinosa. High Strain Rate Tensile Testing of Silver Nanowire - Rate Dependent Brittle-to-ductile Transition. Nano Letters, 16, 1, 2016. 

2015 and earlier

11.  W. Gao, K.M. Liechti and R. Huang. Wet adhesion of Graphene, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 3, 130-140, 2015.

10.  W. Gao, R. Huang. Thermomechanics of monolayer graphene: rippling, thermal expansion and elasticity.  Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 66, 42-58, 2014.  

9.   W. Gao, P. Xiao, G. Henkelman, K.M. Liechti, R. Huang. Interfacial adhesion between graphene and  silicon dioxide substrate by density functional theory with van der Waals corrections. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 47, 255301, 2014. 

8.   Z. Cao, P. Wang, W. Gao, L. Tao, J. W. Suk, R. S. Ruoff, D. Akinwande, R. Huang, K. M. Liechti.  A Blister test for interfacial adhesion of large-scale transferred graphene. Carbon, 68, 390-400, 2014. 

7.   P. Wang, W. Gao, Z. Cao, K.M. Liechti, R. Huang. Numerical analysis of circular graphene bubbles.  Journal of Applied Mechanics, 80, 040905, 2013. 

6.   K. Yue, W. Gao, R. Huang, K.M. Liechti. Analytical methods for the mechanics of graphene bubbles.  Journal of Applied Physics, 112, 083512, 2012.

5.    W. Gao, R. Huang. Effect of surface roughness on adhesion of graphene membranes. Journal of Physics  D: Applied Physics, 44, 452001, 2011.

4.   Q. Lu, W. Gao, R. Huang. Atomistic simulation and continuum modeling of graphene nanoribbons under uniaxial tension. Modelling and simulation in materials science and engineering, 19, 054006, 2011.

3.   G. Wang, X. Feng, T. Wang, W. Gao. Surface effects on the near-tip stresses for mode-I and mode-III cracks. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 75, 011001, 2008.

2.    G. Huang, W. Gao, S. Yu. Model for the adsorption-induced change in resonance frequency of a cantilever. Applied physics letters, 89(4), 043506, 2006.

1.  W. Gao, S. Yu, G. Huang. Finite element characterization of the size-dependent mechanical behavior in nanosystems. Nanotechnology, 17, 1118, 2006.